Using Basic Shapes
"CAST IRON COLUMN" Graphite Pencils
Can you see the basic shapes in this column?
There are four equal quarters in an ellipse
Almost every object that we see has a structure or form based on either the cube, cone, cylinder or sphere.
There are objects that have two or more basic shapes.
Looking up under a flat disc
Looking down on a flat disc
For these blackberries, I started with an HB Pencil and then gradually added other softer pencils.
Harder pencils for lighter greys and softest pencils for the deepest blacks.
You need sharp pencils for fine detail. I use a sandpaper block to sharpen them, then hone them to a really sharp point by rubbing them on a piece of paper.
"PINE CONE" Graphite Pencils
I like to start with a centre line and then add marks to show the height and width.
Draw the general shape.
This pine cone remnds me of steps going up from left to right. I'm using those as guide lines. The half way line and others help to keep it all in proportion.
When I'm happy with the general shape and proportions, I then erase the guide lines and refine the shape of the seeds.
Square/Cube Circle/Sphere Triangle/Cone Rectangle/Cylinder
Lay down a background using the side of a B pencil.
"OAK LEAF" Graphite Pencils
Use the side of a 3B pencil to draw the grain of the wood and knot. Add more details with the point of the same pencil.
A very sharp 9B pencil was used for the cracks.
Start with the stem and spine of the leaf and then draw the general shape. This way it is easier to keep the leaf in proportion.
I used an embossing tool to make some grooves in the paper.
Here I have used the side of a 3B pencil and the grooves are now showing.
Use softer pencils for the shadows and a putty rubber to pick out the highlights.
A piece of Blu-Tac is also ideal for picking out highlights. I'm using it here for the raindrops.
Raindrops are like mini magnifying glasses. There is a highlight on the top and the light is magnified on to the leaf. The droplets also cast a shadow.
I use a pointed piece of Blu-Tac to create a raindrop on my drawing then lightly draw round it.
Next I add the highlight and shadow.
Carefully pencil round the highlight and graduate from dark to light.
How to make a perfect ellipse:
An ellipse has four equal quarters.
On a piece of transparent paper, draw a cross and mark the width and height that you want your ellipse to be.
Lightly draw the ellipse and then strengthen the best lines.
Now for the magic bit.
Turn your transparent paper over and use the side of a very soft pencil to cover the ellipse. This will act like carbon paper, except it will leave a pencil line that can be erased.
Turn the transparent paper back up the right way and place it on your drawing pad. Now use a sharp hard pencil to trace over your best lines.